MED-ENEC - Energy Efficiency in the Construction Sector in the Mediterranean


External cooperation programmes - European Commission

European Union's Legislations for Reducing Energy Consumption in Buildings

The 2010 Energy Performance of Buildings Directive and the 2012 Energy Efficiency Directive are the EU's main legislation when it comes to reducing the energy consumption of buildings.


Under the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive:

  • energy performance certificates are to be included in all advertisements for the sale or rental of buildings
  • EU countries must establish inspection schemes for heating and air conditioning systems or put in place measures with equivalent effect
  • all new buildings must be nearly zero energy buildings by 31 December 2020 (public buildings by 31 December 2018)
  • EU countries must set minimum energy performance requirements for new buildings, for the major renovation of buildings and for the replacement or retrofit of building elements (heating and cooling systems, roofs, walls, etc.)
  • EU countries have to draw up lists of national financial measures to improve the energy efficiency of buildings

Under the Energy Efficiency Directive:

  • EU countries make energy efficient renovations to at least 3% of buildings owned and occupied by central government
  • EU governments should only purchase buildings which are highly energy efficient

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